President Trump and Prime Minister Abe agreed that these initial results will be followed by further negotiations to address the remaining areas of interest to any government. The United States and Japan will continue to work on a comprehensive trade agreement that will lead to a more equitable and reciprocal trade and economic relationship. USDA Japan has developed a series of product descriptions that provide a brief overview of the impact of USJTA on certain product categories. Please note that the information provided is not complete and additional details are included in the text of the contract itself. The Digital Trade Agreement is a separate agreement that sets rules in the digital space.15 The content of the Digital Trade Agreement is virtually the same as the provisions of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada agreement (USMCA). Notable provisions include a ban on tariffs on electronically transmitted content (e.g. B software and music) and the recognition of an electronic signature as a legally appropriate authentication tool. This is important as the World Trade Organization (WTO) electronic transfer moratorium is to be renewed at the 12th Ministerial Conference in June 2020 (see the next issue of EY tradewatch for a corresponding article). Products obtained entirely in the United States generally fall within preferential tariff treatment under the USJTA. Products using materials from other countries may also be considered depending on the type of product and the classification of the customs code. For many of these products, the standard rule is a change in the tariff classification at the chapter or double-digit level (for example. B, HS 10 cereal with SH 11 flour), which occurs in the United States.
Products subject to different rules are described in Appendix 1 of the treaty text. At the time of importation, Japanese law requires Japanese importers to submit a statement confirming the origin of the product. In some cases, U.S. exporters may provide additional information directly to Japan Customs, but the initial declaration must come from the importer. More information is available on the Japan Customs website and in the FAS/TOKYO GAIN report on USJTA`s rules of origin. In accordance with other bilateral free trade agreements, Schedule II of the trade agreement contains the rules of origin and origin to determine whether a product can benefit from preferential treatment. For the purposes of the trade agreement, a product comes from Japan if it meets one of the following criteria: the United States and Japan have entered into a trade agreement on market access for certain agricultural and industrial products, with plans to continue negotiations for an expanded free trade agreement. On October 17, 2019, the United States and Japan agreed on market access for certain agricultural and industrial products. Japan`s legislature approved the agreement on December 5, 2019. President 9974`s proclamation was issued on December 26, 2019, with the effective date of January 1, 2020. On 30 December 2019, the Communication of the Federal Register (84 FR 72187) on the implementation of the agreement was published. 10.
U.S.-Japan Trade Agreement, Appendix I: Japan`s Tariffs and Customs Provisions, I-B-5-1; ustr.gov/sites/default/files/files/agreements/japan/Annex_I_Tariffs_and_Tariff-Related_Provisions_of_Japan.pdf. Under President Trump`s leadership, the United States and Japan agreed on early outcomes of negotiations on market access for certain agricultural and industrial products, as well as digital trade. The United States looks forward to continuing negotiations with Japan for a comprehensive agreement that would address the remaining tariff and non-tariff barriers and ensure fairer and more balanced trade. U.S. President Donald Trump signed a proclamation on December 26, 2019, in which he implemented two separate trade agreements with Japan (together the agreements) 1.